Laser-assisted guiding of electric discharges around objects

Clerici, M. et al. (2015) Laser-assisted guiding of electric discharges around objects. Science Advances, 1(5), e1400111. (doi:10.1126/sciadv.1400111) (PMID:26601188) (PMCID:PMC4640611)

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Abstract

Electric breakdown in air occurs for electric fields exceeding 34 kV/cm and results in a large current surge that propagates along unpredictable trajectories. Guiding such currents across specific paths in a controllable manner could allow protection against lightning strikes and high-voltage capacitor discharges. Such capabilities can be used for delivering charge to specific targets, for electronic jamming, or for applications associated with electric welding and machining. We show that judiciously shaped laser radiation can be effectively used to manipulate the discharge along a complex path and to produce electric discharges that unfold along a predefined trajectory. Remarkably, such laser-induced arcing can even circumvent an object that completely occludes the line of sight.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Clerici, Dr Matteo and Faccio, Professor Daniele
Authors: Clerici, M., Hu, Y., Lassonde, P., Milian, C., Couairon, A., Christodoulides, D.N., Chen, Z., Razzari, L., Vidal, F., Legare, F., Faccio, D., and Morandotti, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Science Advances
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN:2375-2548
ISSN (Online):2375-2548
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Science Advances 1(5):e1400111
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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