Tracing injected CO2 in the Cranfield enhanced oil recovery field (MS, USA) using He, Ne and Ar isotopes

Gyore, D. , Stuart, F. , Gilfillan, S. M.V. and Waldron, S. (2015) Tracing injected CO2 in the Cranfield enhanced oil recovery field (MS, USA) using He, Ne and Ar isotopes. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 42, pp. 554-561. (doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.09.009)

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Abstract

The He, Ne and Ar isotopic composition of gases collected in 2009 and 2012 from 13 production wells, injection wells and the CO2 supply pipeline at the Cranfield CO2-enhanced oil recovery field (MS, USA) have been measured in order to determine the extent to which they trace the fate of injected CO2 in the reservoir. In the absence of samples of CO2 pre-injection reservoir gas we use the Ne isotope composition of the production and injection well gases to determine the isotopic composition of the natural gas. The noble gas isotopes display binary mixing trends between the injected CO2 and a CH4-rich natural gas that is characterised by radiogenic He, Ne and Ar isotope ratios. 3He/4He and 40Ar*/4He ratios (where 40Ar* represents the non-atmospheric 40Ar) display coherent relationships with CO2 concentrations that can be used to trace and quantify the injected CO2 in an engineered site over a sustained period of injection. The presence of a small amount of air-derived Ar, from a non-atmospheric source, in many gas samples rules out using 40Ar/36Ar to track the injected CO2. The noble gases identify the loss of a significant proportion of the CO2 from the gas phase sampled by five production wells in 2009. Using 3He/4He and 40Ar*/4He ratios to reconstruct the major gas composition, it appears that between 22% and 96% of the CO2 has been lost in individual wells. This study demonstrates that the naturally occurring noble gases have the potential to trace the fate and quantify the sequestration of CO2 at injection sites.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The work was funded by EPSRC, grant number EP/K036033/1 for Dr Stuart M.V. Gilfillan, University of Edinburgh
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Waldron, Professor Susan and Gyore, Dr Domokos and Stuart, Professor Finlay
Authors: Gyore, D., Stuart, F., Gilfillan, S. M.V., and Waldron, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Journal Abbr.:IJGGC
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN:1750-5836
ISSN (Online):1878-0148
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 42:554-561
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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