Existing and emerging technologies for measuring stable isotope labelled retinol in biological samples: isotope dilution analysis of body retinol stores

Preston, T. (2014) Existing and emerging technologies for measuring stable isotope labelled retinol in biological samples: isotope dilution analysis of body retinol stores. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 84(Sup. 1), pp. 30-39. (doi:10.1024/0300-9831/a000186) (PMID:25537104)

Preston, T. (2014) Existing and emerging technologies for measuring stable isotope labelled retinol in biological samples: isotope dilution analysis of body retinol stores. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 84(Sup. 1), pp. 30-39. (doi:10.1024/0300-9831/a000186) (PMID:25537104)

[img]
Preview
Text
110438.pdf - Published Version

175kB

Abstract

This paper discusses some of the recent improvements in instrumentation used for stable isotope tracer measurements in the context of measuring retinol stores, in vivo. Tracer costs, together with concerns that larger tracer doses may perturb the parameter under study, demand that ever more sensitive mass spectrometric techniques are developed. GCMS is the most widely used technique. It has high sensitivity in terms of sample amount and uses high resolution GC, yet its ability to detect low isotope ratios is limited by background noise. LCMSMS may become more accessible for tracer studies. Its ability to measure low level stable isotope tracers may prove superior to GCMS, but it is isotope ratio MS (IRMS) that has been designed specifically for low level stable isotope analysis through accurate analysis of tracer:tracee ratios (the tracee being the unlabelled species). Compound-specific isotope analysis, where GC is interfaced to IRMS, is gaining popularity. Here, individual 13C-labelled compounds are separated by GC, combusted to CO2 and transferred on-line for ratiometric analysis by IRMS at the ppm level. However, commercially-available 13C-labelled retinol tracers are 2 - 4 times more expensive than deuterated tracers. For 2H-labelled compounds, GC-pyrolysis-IRMS has now become more generally available as an operating mode on the same IRMS instrument. Here, individual compounds are separated by GC and pyrolysed to H2 at high temperature for analysis by IRMS. It is predicted that GC-pyrolysis-IRMS will facilitate low level tracer procedures to measure body retinol stores, as has been accomplished in the case of fatty acids and amino acids. Sample size requirements for GC-P-IRMS may exceed those of GCMS, but this paper discusses sample preparation procedures and predicts improvements, particularly in the efficiency of sample introduction.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Preston, Professor Thomas
Authors: Preston, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
Publisher:Hans Huber Publisher
ISSN:0300-9831
ISSN (Online):1664-2821
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 International Atomic Energy Agency
First Published:First published in International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 84(S1):30-39
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Hogrefe OpenMind license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record