Dissolution and Mechanical properties of Bioresorbable Glass Fibres for use in Paediatric tracheal stents

Adekanmbi, I., Tanner, K. E., Kubba, H. and Lu, H. (2015) Dissolution and Mechanical properties of Bioresorbable Glass Fibres for use in Paediatric tracheal stents. In: 27th European Conference on Biomaterials, Kraków, Poland, 30 Aug- 3 Sep 2015, ISBN 9788363663629

Adekanmbi, I., Tanner, K. E., Kubba, H. and Lu, H. (2015) Dissolution and Mechanical properties of Bioresorbable Glass Fibres for use in Paediatric tracheal stents. In: 27th European Conference on Biomaterials, Kraków, Poland, 30 Aug- 3 Sep 2015, ISBN 9788363663629

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Abstract

Stents provide biological support in body conduits and are useful for counteracting stenosis (constriction) in cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, uretheral and airway passages1. However, the current widespread use of permanent metal stents that remain throughout the lifespan of a patient, threaten restenosis, thrombosis, or physical irritation if not surgically removed. In infants the clinical requirement is for a stent that retains structural integrity for periods of several weeks up to many months in vivo during host tissue restoration2 and from a materials perspective this requires an implant with appropriate mechanical and degradation characteristics. Bioresorbable phosphate glass fibres have shown enormous potential for temporary implants and tissue repair, owing to their mechanical properties and solubility in aqueous media which can be modified by addition of various oxide compounds3,4. Further, when combined with degradable polymers the resulting glass fibre polymer composites (GFRP) become ductile allowing them to be forged into supporting scaffolds with suitable mechanical and dissolution properties. To date however, their use for stenting applications has not been investigated possibly due to major difficulties of processing these compositions into fibre form. In this study, two phosphate glass fibre compositions containing SiO2 (silica) and B2O3 (Boron) were fabricated to test the hypothesis that B2O3 containing phosphate glass fibres present enhanced mechanical and dissolution behaviour for use as a degradable stent.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Adekanmbi, Dr Isaiah and Kubba, Mr Haytham
Authors: Adekanmbi, I., Tanner, K. E., Kubba, H., and Lu, H.
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
ISBN:9788363663629
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the authors

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