Search method for long-duration gravitational-wave transients from neutron stars

Prix, R., Giampanis, S. and Messenger, C. (2011) Search method for long-duration gravitational-wave transients from neutron stars. Physical Review D, 84(2), 023007. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.84.023007)

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We introduce a search method for a new class of gravitational-wave signals, namely, long-duration O(hours-weeks) transients from spinning neutron stars. We discuss the astrophysical motivation from glitch relaxation models and we derive a rough estimate for the maximal expected signal strength based on the superfluid excess rotational energy. The transient signal model considered here extends the traditional class of infinite-duration continuous-wave signals by a finite start-time and duration. We derive a multidetector Bayes factor for these signals in Gaussian noise using F-statistic amplitude priors, which simplifies the detection statistic and allows for an efficient implementation. We consider both a fully coherent statistic, which is computationally limited to directed searches for known pulsars, and a cheaper semicoherent variant, suitable for wide parameter-space searches for transients from unknown neutron stars. We have tested our method by Monte-Carlo simulation, and we find that it outperforms orthodox maximum-likelihood approaches both in sensitivity and in parameter-estimation quality.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Messenger, Dr Christopher
Authors: Prix, R., Giampanis, S., and Messenger, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):1550-2368

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