technical knockout, a Drosophila model of mitochondrial deafness

Toivonen, J.M. et al. (2001) technical knockout, a Drosophila model of mitochondrial deafness. Genetics, 159, pp. 241-254.

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Abstract

Mutations in mtDNA-encoded components of the mitochondrial translational apparatus are associated with diverse pathological states in humans, notably sensorineural deafness. To develop animal models of such disorders, we have manipulated the nuclear gene for mitochondrial ribosomal protein S12 in Drosophila (technical knockout, tko). The prototypic mutant tko(25t) exhibits developmental delay, bang sensitivity, impaired male courtship, and defective response to sound. On the basis of a transgenic reversion test, these phenotypes are attributable to a single substitution (L85H) at a conserved residue of the tko protein. The mutant is hypersensitive to doxycyclin, an antibiotic that selectively inhibits mitochondrial protein synthesis, and mutant larvae have greatly diminished activities of mitochondrial redox enzymes and decreased levels of mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA. A second mutation in the tko gene, Q116K, which is predicted to impair the accuracy of mitochondrial translation, results in the completely different phenotype of recessive female sterility, based on three independent transgenic insertions. We infer that the tko(25t) mutant provides a model of mitochondrial hearing impairment resulting from a quantitative deficiency of mitochondrial translational capacity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Dell, Professor Kevin
Authors: Toivonen, J.M., O'Dell, K.M., Petit, N., Irvine, S.C., Knight, G.K., Lehtonen, M., Longmuir, M., Luoto, K., Touraille, S., Wang, Z.S., Alziari, S., Shah, Z.H., and Jacobs, H.T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Genetics

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