Is Explicit Congestion Notification usable with UDP?

McQuistin, S. and Perkins, C. (2015) Is Explicit Congestion Notification usable with UDP? In: ACM Internet Measurement Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 28-30 Oct 2015, pp. 63-69. ISBN 9781450338486 (doi: 10.1145/2815675.2815716)

109732.pdf - Accepted Version



We present initial measurements to determine if ECN is usable with UDP traffic in the public Internet. This is interesting because ECN is part of current IETF proposals for congestion control of UDPbased interactive multimedia, and due to the increasing use of UDP as a substrate on which new transport protocols can be deployed. Using measurements from the author’s homes, their workplace, and cloud servers in each of the nine EC2 regions worldwide, we test reachability of 2500 servers from the public NTP server pool, using ECT(0) and not-ECT marked UDP packets. We show that an average of 98.97% of the NTP servers that are reachable using not-ECT marked packets are also reachable using ECT(0) marked UDP packets, and that ~98% of network hops pass ECT(0) marked packets without clearing the ECT bits. We compare reachability of the same hosts using ECN with TCP, finding that 82.0% of those reachable with TCP can successfully negotiate and use ECN. Our findings suggest that ECN is broadly usable with UDP traffic, and that support for use of ECN with TCP has increased.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McQuistin, Dr Stephen and Perkins, Dr Colin
Authors: McQuistin, S., and Perkins, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 ACM
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Related URLs:
Data DOI:10.5525/gla.researchdata.207

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