Factors influencing intensive care admission: a mixed methods study of EM and ICU

Emerson, P., Brooks, D., Quasim, T. , Puxty, A., Kinsella, J. and Lowe, D. J. (2017) Factors influencing intensive care admission: a mixed methods study of EM and ICU. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 24(1), pp. 29-35. (doi:10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000300) (PMID:27984369)

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Abstract

Objectives: Twenty-six percent of ICU patients in the UK are referred directly from the Emergency Department (ED). There is limited literature examining the attitudes or practice of ED/ICU physicians towards referrals from the ED to the ICU. We examined these attitudes through a mixed methods study, designing a model incorporating these attitudes to promote a shared mental model between ED and ICU specialities. Methods: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 ED consultants and 11 ICU consultants at two hospitals in the west of Scotland. Interviews were based on 10 'case-based vignettes' representing patients for whom referral from the ED to the ICU is borderline or challenging. Participants were asked to note whether they would refer/accept the patient from the ED to the ICU. The proportions of participants from each speciality choosing to refer or accept patients were compared using a t-test comparing proportions. The reasons behind these decisions were explored during the semistructured interviews. Results: Twelve factors emerged as influencing the decisions made by the participants. These belonged three core themes: patient factors, clinician factors and resource factors, which were incorporated into a shared mental model. Two cases demonstrated statistically significant differences in referral rates between specialities. There were also clinically significant differences among other cases. Conclusion: We have described the attitudes of physicians towards ED to ICU referrals in two west of Scotland hospitals, and we have demonstrated that there is a difference in the aspects of the decision-making process. We have developed a model encompassing all factors considered by participants when assessing these difficult referrals. It is hoped that this model will promote shared and more efficient decision-making in the future.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quasim, Dr Tara and Kinsella, Professor John and Lowe, Dr David
Authors: Emerson, P., Brooks, D., Quasim, T., Puxty, A., Kinsella, J., and Lowe, D. J.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Research Group:Academic Unit of Anaesthesia, Pain and Critical Care Medicine
Journal Name:European Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd.
ISSN:0969-9546
ISSN (Online):1473-5695

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