Advances in neuroimaging

Rodie, M. E., Forbes, K. P. and Muir, K. (2014) Advances in neuroimaging. In: Hiort, O. and Ahmed, S.F. (eds.) Understanding Differences and Disorders of Sex Development (DSD). Series: Endocrine development (27). Karger: Basel, pp. 63-75. ISBN 9783318025583 (doi:10.1159/000363628)

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Abstract

Over the last 20 years there have been great advances in the field of neuroimaging. However, information is still lacking for patients with a disorder of sex development (DSD) due to the rarity of these conditions. In this chapter the authors will review newly emerging techniques with a focus on the connectivity of the brain, describe sexually dimorphic brain structures and functions, and summarise what is known about the neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of individuals with a DSD. Sexual dimorphism exists in all aspects of neuroanatomy, neurochemistry and neurofunction, but the major challenge is to evaluate the relationship between these differences and relate them to the genetic and hormonal environment of the individual. Further imaging studies of normal gender differences are needed before the implications of neuroimaging findings for individuals with a DSD can be determined. Future directions for study include the association between gender-specific brain connectivity patterns and gender-related differences of various brain diseases.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rodie, Dr Martina and Muir, Professor Keith and Forbes, Dr Kirsten
Authors: Rodie, M. E., Forbes, K. P., and Muir, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1421-7082
ISBN:9783318025583
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