Characterisation of 'bog butter' using a combination of molecular and isotopic techniques

Berstan, R., Dudd, S. N., Copley, M. S., Morgan, E. D., Quye, A. and Evershed, R. P. (2004) Characterisation of 'bog butter' using a combination of molecular and isotopic techniques. Analyst, 129(3), pp. 270-275. (doi:10.1039/B313436A) (PMID:14978532)

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Abstract

The chemical analyses of ‘bog butters’ recovered from peat bogs of Scotland were performed with the aim of determining their origins. Detailed compositional information was obtained from ‘bog butter’ lipids using high temperature gas chromatography (HTGC) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicate the degree to which ‘bog butters’ have undergone diagenetic alterations during burial to form an adipocere like substance, consisting predominately of hexadecanoic (palmitic) and octadecanoic (stearic) acids. GC-combustion-isotope ratio MS (GC-C-IRMS) was used to determine δ13C values for the dominant fatty acids present, revealing for the first time that ‘bog butters’ were derived from both ruminant dairy fats and adipose fats. The results are compared and contrasted with modern reference fats and adipoceres produced in vitro.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quye, Dr Anita
Authors: Berstan, R., Dudd, S. N., Copley, M. S., Morgan, E. D., Quye, A., and Evershed, R. P.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Culture and Creative Arts > History of Art
Journal Name:Analyst
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:0003-2654
ISSN (Online):1364-5528
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2004 The Royal Society of Chemistry
First Published:First published in Analyst 129(3):270-275
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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