Phototropin from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is functional in Arabidopsis thaliana

Onodera, A., Kong, S.G., Doi, M., Shimazaki, K.., Christie, J.M. , Mochizuki, N. and Nagatani, A. (2005) Phototropin from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is functional in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant and Cell Physiology, 46(2), pp. 367-374. (doi:10.1093/pcp/pci037)

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Abstract

Phototropin, a plant blue light photoreceptor, mediates important blue light responses such as phototropism, chloroplast positioning and stomatal opening in higher plants. In <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>, two phototoropins, phototropin 1 and 2, are known. Recently, in the unicellular green alga, <i>Chlamydomonas reinhardtii</i>, a phototropin homolog was identified. It exhibits photochemical properties similar to those of higher plant phototropins and is involved in multiple steps of the sexual life cycle of <i>Chlamydomonas</i>. Here, we expressed <i>Chlamydomonas</i> phototropin in <i>Arabidopsis</i> to examine whether it is active in a distantly related plant species. The <i>Arabidopsis</i> mutant deficient in both phototropin 1 and 2 was transformed with a vector containing <i>Chlamydomonas</i> phototropin cDNA fused to a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. The resulting lines were classified into high, medium and low expressers based on RNA gel blot and immunoblot analyses. Typical phototropin responses were restored in high expression lines. These results demonstrate that <i>Chlamydomonas</i> phototropin is functional in higher plants. Hence, the basic mechanism of phototropin action is highly conserved, even though its apparent physiological functions are quite diverse.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Christie, Professor John
Authors: Onodera, A., Kong, S.G., Doi, M., Shimazaki, K.., Christie, J.M., Mochizuki, N., and Nagatani, A.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QK Botany
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Plant and Cell Physiology
ISSN:0032-0781
ISSN (Online):1471-9053
Published Online:02 February 2005

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