Detection of urinary biomarkers in reservoir hosts of leptospirosis by capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry

Nally, J. E., Mullen, W. , Callanan, J. J., Mischak, H. and Albalat, A. (2015) Detection of urinary biomarkers in reservoir hosts of leptospirosis by capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry. Proteomics Clinical Applications, 9(5-6), pp. 543-551. (doi: 10.1002/prca.201400205) (PMID:25736478)

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Abstract

Purpose: Pathogenic leptospires colonize the renal tubules of reservoir hosts of infection and are excreted via urine into the environment. Asymptomatic reservoir hosts include a wide range of domestic and wild animal species and include cattle, dogs, and rats that can persistently excrete large numbers of pathogenic leptospires over many months. A similar presentation has been observed in humans categorized as “long-term asymptomatic individuals” as they excreted leptospires in the absence of any clinical symptoms or positive serology. Experimental design: In the current study, the urine of experimentally infected rats, which showed no clinical signs or positive serology, was analyzed by CE-MS to identify urinary biomarkers of chronic infection. Results: A discriminating peptide pattern of 43 polypeptides provided a sensitivity of 93%, a specificity of 83%, and an accuracy of 90% for the identification of urine from chronically infected rats (p < 0.05, AUC > 90%). The majority of discriminating peptides were decreased in abundance in urine of chronically infected rats, including a peptide derived from neprilysin, a membrane metalloendopeptidase, the expression of which has previously been shown to be diminished in infected urine. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Results highlight the diagnostic capabilities of urinary biomarkers to identify reservoir hosts of leptospirosis using CE coupled to MS.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mullen, Dr Bill and Mischak, Professor Harald
Authors: Nally, J. E., Mullen, W., Callanan, J. J., Mischak, H., and Albalat, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Proteomics Clinical Applications
Publisher:Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
ISSN:1862-8346
ISSN (Online):1862-8354

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