Safer pharmacy practice: a preliminary study of significant event analysis and peer feedback

Bradley, N. A., Power, A., Hesselgreaves, H., McMillan, F. and Bowie, P. (2009) Safer pharmacy practice: a preliminary study of significant event analysis and peer feedback. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 17(5), pp. 283-291. (doi: 10.1211/ijpp/17.05.0005) (PMID:20214270)

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Objectives The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of significant event analyses (SEAs) undertaken by pharmacists as judged by a new system of independent peer feedback. Method The setting was a convenience sample of 37 pharmacists working in community pharmacy, secondary care and academic settings in NHS Scotland. Preliminary study involved the content analysis of pharmacists' SEAs and written feedback reports, which were generated by pharmacists trained in using a validated instrument to facilitate peer feedback. The content of reports and feedback letters were systematically coded and categorised by identifying and quantifying key words and phrases. Data collected included the range and severity of significant events identified; the reported reasons for the events occurring; types of learning needs identified; action(s) taken; and learning issues raised by peer feedback. Key findings A total of 37 pharmacists submitted 43 SEA reports during the study period. All events submitted were classified as having a negative impact on the quality and safety of patient care. Most events related to prescribing, dispensing, administration, communication and patient-/relative-centred issues. Patients reportedly came to harm in 13% of cases. Sixty-three per cent of reported learning needs related to personal awareness/ responsibilities when undertaking work tasks, and 58% of implemented change involved amending existing protocols or introducing new procedures. Seventy per cent of SEAs were judged to be ‘satisfactory’ by the peer reviewers. The effectiveness of change implementation and providing a clear description of an event were highlighted as key issues which required improvement in those event analyses judged to be ‘unsatisfactory’. Conclusions The findings demonstrate that most pharmacists in this study were able to apply SEA in a satisfactory manner by demonstrating reflective learning, undertaking insightful analyses and implementing necessary change. SEA and peer feedback may have a potential role to play in enhancing the quality and safety of pharmacy practices.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hesselgreaves, Dr Hannah
Authors: Bradley, N. A., Power, A., Hesselgreaves, H., McMillan, F., and Bowie, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
ISSN (Online):2042-7174

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