The incidence of intensive care unit-acquired weakness syndromes: a systematic review

Appleton, R. T.D., Kinsella, J. and Quasim, T. (2015) The incidence of intensive care unit-acquired weakness syndromes: a systematic review. Journal of Intensive Care Society, 16(2), pp. 126-136. (doi:10.1177/1751143714563016)

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Abstract

We conducted a literature review of the intensive care unit-acquired weakness syndromes (critical illness polyneuropathy, critical illness myopathy and critical illness neuromyopathy) with the primary objective of determining their incidence as a combined group. Studies were identified through MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Database and article reference list searches and were included if they evaluated the incidence of one or more of these conditions in an adult intensive care unit population. The incidence of an intensive care unit-acquired weakness syndrome in the included studies was 40% (1080/2686 patients, 95% confidence interval 38–42%). The intensive care unit populations included were heterogeneous though largely included patients receiving mechanical ventilation for seven or more days. Additional prespecified outcomes identified that the incidence of intensive care unit-acquired weakness varied with the diagnostic technique used, being lower with clinical (413/1276, 32%, 95% CI 30–35%) compared to electrophysiological techniques (749/1591, 47%, 95% CI 45–50%). Approximately a quarter of patients were not able to comply with clinical evaluation and this may be responsible for potential underreporting of this condition.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Keywords:Critical care, intensive care, epidemiology, muscle weakness, intensive care unit-acquired weakness
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Quasim, Dr Tara and Kinsella, Professor John
Authors: Appleton, R. T.D., Kinsella, J., and Quasim, T.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Intensive Care Society
Publisher:The Intensive Care Society
ISSN:1751-1437
ISSN (Online):1525-1489

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