Serum periostin in smokers and never smokers with asthma

Thomson, N. C., Chaudhuri, R. , Spears, M., Haughney, J. and McSharry, C. (2015) Serum periostin in smokers and never smokers with asthma. Respiratory Medicine, 109(6), pp. 708-715. (doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2015.03.009) (PMID:PMID:25869)

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Abstract

Background Elevated serum periostin is associated with airway eosinophilia and may predict response to therapies targeting Th2 inflammation. Smoking in asthma is generally associated with non-eosinophilic airway inflammation and corticosteroid insensitivity. We determined the effect of smoking status on serum periostin in asthma.<p></p> Methods Serum periostin (ELISA; Aviscera Bioscience) was measured in 107 patients with stable asthma of different disease severity and 45 healthy controls. The effects on serum periostin of clinical indices including smoking status and of inflammatory biomarkers including sputum eosinophil count were analysed. Serum periostin was measured before and after two weeks of oral corticosteroids in a separate group of 33 non-smokers and smokers with stable asthma.<p></p> Results Serum periostin (median [IQR], ng/mL) was reduced in smokers with asthma compared to never smokers with asthma; 9 (9, 307) versus 233 (34, 1108) respectively, p = 0.017. Periostin was not influenced by disease severity (p = 0.786) or atopic status (p = 0.144). There was a weak correlation between serum periostin and sputum eosinophil count in smokers with asthma (r = 0.315, p = 0.020). The proportion of patients with an elevated serum periostin concentration was greater in never smokers with asthma compared to smokers with asthma [65% versus 39% respectively, p = 0.003]. Oral steroid treatment reduced serum periostin (p = 0.030) in non-smokers with asthma.<p></p> Conclusion Despite lower median serum periostin concentrations in smokers with asthma compared to never smokers with asthma, approximately forty percent of this group had a high level. The potential value of a raised serum periostin concentration in predicting a beneficial response to therapies targeting Th2 inflammation in smokers with asthma requires to be investigated.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spears, Dr Mark and Chaudhuri, Dr Rekha and Thomson, Professor Neil and Haughney, Dr John and McSharry, Dr Charles
Authors: Thomson, N. C., Chaudhuri, R., Spears, M., Haughney, J., and McSharry, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Respiratory Medicine
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd
ISSN:0954-6111
ISSN (Online):1532-3064

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