The emerging potential of the apelin-APJ system in heart failure

Dalzell, J. R., Rocchiccioli, J. P., Weir, R. A.P., Jackson, C. E., Padmanabhan, N., Gardner, R. S., Petrie, M. C. and McMurray, J. J.V. (2015) The emerging potential of the apelin-APJ system in heart failure. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 21(6), pp. 489-498. (doi:10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.03.007) (PMID:25795508)

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Abstract

The apelin-APJ system is a novel neurohormonal pathway, with studies to date suggesting that it may be of pathophysiologic relevance in heart failure and may indeed be a viable therapeutic target in this syndrome. This interest is driven primarily by the demonstration of its vasodilator, inotropic, and aquaretic actions as well as its apparent antagonistic relationship with the renin-angiotensin system. However, its promise is heightened further by the observation that, unlike other and more established cardioprotective pathways, it appears to be down-regulated in heart failure, suggesting that augmentation of this axis may have a powerful effect on the heart failure syndrome. We review the literature regarding the apelin-APJ system in heart failure and suggest areas requiring further research.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rocchiccioli, Dr John and Petrie, Professor Mark and Gardner, Professor Roy and Padmanabhan, Dr Neal and Jackson, Dr Colette and McMurray, Professor John and Dalzell, Dr Jonathan
Authors: Dalzell, J. R., Rocchiccioli, J. P., Weir, R. A.P., Jackson, C. E., Padmanabhan, N., Gardner, R. S., Petrie, M. C., and McMurray, J. J.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Cardiac Failure
Publisher:Elsevier Inc.
ISSN:1071-9164
ISSN (Online):1532-8414

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