The architecture of faith under National Socialism: Lutheran church building(s) in Braunschweig, 1933–1945

Weber, F. and Methuen, C. (2015) The architecture of faith under National Socialism: Lutheran church building(s) in Braunschweig, 1933–1945. Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 66(2), pp. 340-371. (doi:10.1017/S0022046913002571)

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Abstract

It has frequently been assumed that church building ceased after the National Socialists came to power in Germany in 1933. This article shows that it continued, and considers the reasons why this was the case. Focussing on churches built in the Church of Braunschweig between 1933 and 1936, it explores the interactions between emergent priorities for church architecture and the rhetoric of National Socialist ideology, and traces their influence on the building of new Protestant churches in Braunschweig. It examines the way in which Braunschweig Cathedral was reordered in accordance with National Socialist interests, and the ambiguity which such a reordering implied for the on-going Christian life of the congregation. It concludes that church building was widely understood to be a part of the National Socialist programme for creating employment, but was also used to emphasise the continuing role of the Church in building community. However, there is still much work to be done to investigate the ways in which churches and congregations interacted with National Socialism in their day-to-day existence.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Methuen, Professor Charlotte
Authors: Weber, F., and Methuen, C.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
D History General and Old World > DD Germany
College/School:College of Arts > School of Critical Studies > Theology and Religious Studies
Journal Name:Journal of Ecclesiastical History
Journal Abbr.:JEH
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0022-0469
ISSN (Online):1469-7637

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