The molecular basis of oligomeric organization of the human m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor

Liste, M. J., Caltabiano, G., Ward, R. J., Alvarez-Curto, E. , Marsango, S. and Milligan, G. (2015) The molecular basis of oligomeric organization of the human m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. Molecular Pharmacology, 87(6), pp. 936-953. (doi:10.1124/mol.114.096925) (PMID:25769304)

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Abstract

G protein–coupled receptors, including the M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, can form homo-oligomers. However, the basis of these interactions and the overall organizational structure of such oligomers are poorly understood. Combinations of site-directed mutagenesis and homogenous time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer studies that assessed interactions between receptor protomers at the surface of transfected cells indicated important contributions of regions of transmembrane domains I, IV, V, VI, and VII as well as intracellular helix VIII to the overall organization. Molecular modeling studies based on both these results and an X-ray structure of the inactive state of the M3 receptor bound by the antagonist/inverse agonist tiotropium were then employed. The results could be accommodated fully by models in which a proportion of the cell surface M3 receptor population is a tetramer with rhombic, but not linear, orientation. This is consistent with previous studies based on spectrally resolved, multiphoton fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Modeling studies furthermore suggest an important role for molecules of cholesterol at the dimer + dimer interface of the tetramer, which is consistent with the presence of cholesterol at key locations in many G protein–coupled receptor crystal structures. Mutants that displayed disrupted quaternary organization were often poorly expressed and showed immature N-glycosylation. Sustained treatment of cells expressing such mutants with the muscarinic receptor inverse agonist atropine increased cellular levels and restored both cell surface delivery and quaternary organization to many of the mutants. These observations suggest that organization as a tetramer may occur before plasma membrane delivery and may be a key step in cellular quality control assessment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Milligan, Professor Graeme and Caltabiano, Dr Gianluigi and Marsango, Dr Sara and Alvarez-Curto, Dr Elisa and Ward, Dr Richard
Authors: Liste, M. J., Caltabiano, G., Ward, R. J., Alvarez-Curto, E., Marsango, S., and Milligan, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Molecular Pharmacology
Journal Abbr.:Mol. Pharmacol.
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN:0026-895X
ISSN (Online):1521-0111

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