Lake Store Finnsjøen – a key for understanding Lateglacial/early Holocene vegetation and ice sheet dynamics in the central Scandes Mountains

Paus, A., Boessenkool, S., Brochmann, C., Epp, L. S., Fabel, D. , Haflidason, H. and Linge, H. (2015) Lake Store Finnsjøen – a key for understanding Lateglacial/early Holocene vegetation and ice sheet dynamics in the central Scandes Mountains. Quaternary Science Reviews, 121, pp. 36-51. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.004)

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Abstract

The Lateglacial (LG) deglaciation and vegetation development in the Scandes Mountains has been debated for a century. Here we present new evidence from microfossils, radiocarbon dated plant macrofossils and sedimentary ancient DNA from laminated sediments in Lake Store Finnsjøen (1260 m a.s.l.) at Dovre, Central Norway. Combined with previous results from three other Dovre lakes, this allows for new interpretations of events during and immediately after the LG deglaciation. The Finnsjøen sediments present the first uninterrupted record of local vegetation development in the Scandes Mountains from the late Younger Dryas (YD), ca 12,000 cal years BP, to the early Holocene around 9700 cal years BP. The local vegetation in late YD/early Holocene was extremely sparse with pioneer herbs (e.g. Artemisia norvegica, Beckwithia, Campanula cf. uniflora, Koenigia, Oxyria, Papaver, Saxifraga spp.) and dwarf-shrubs (Betula nana, Salix including Salix polaris). From 11,300 cal years BP, local vegetation rapidly closed with dominant Dryas, Saxifraga spp., and Silene acaulis. From ca 10,700 cal years BP, open birch-forests with juniper, Empetrum nigrum and other dwarf-shrubs developed. Pine forests established within the area from 10,300 cal years BP. We identified the cold Preboreal Oscillation (PBO), not earlier described from pollen data in South Norway, around 11,400 cal years BP by a regional pollen signal. Distinct local vegetation changes were not detected until the post-PBO warming around 11,300 cal years BP. Apparently, the earlier warming at the YD/Holocene transition at 11,650 cal years BP was too weak and short-lived for vegetation closure at high altitudes at Dovre. For the first time, we demonstrate a regional glacier readvance and local ice cap formations during the YD in the Scandes Mountains. In two of the deep lakes with small catchments, YD glaciation blocked sedimentation without removing old sediments and caused a hiatus separating sediments of the ice-free LG interstadial (LGI) from those of the ice-free Holocene period. Both regional glaciers and local ice caps caused hiati. Ice-free pre-YD conditions at Dovre followed by a YD readvance point to a scenario that is intermediate between the maximum ice model postulating a thick glacier during the entire LG, and the minimum ice model postulating thin and multi-domed early LG ice.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fabel, Dr Derek
Authors: Paus, A., Boessenkool, S., Brochmann, C., Epp, L. S., Fabel, D., Haflidason, H., and Linge, H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Quaternary Science Reviews
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0277-3791
ISSN (Online):1873-457X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Elsevier, Ltd.
First Published:First published in Quaternary Science Reviews 121:36-51
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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