Induction of Th1 and Th2 CD4+ T cell responses by oral or parenteral immunization with ISCOMS

Maloy, K. J., Donachie, A. M. and Mowat, A. M. (1995) Induction of Th1 and Th2 CD4+ T cell responses by oral or parenteral immunization with ISCOMS. European Journal of Immunology, 25(10), pp. 2835-2841. (doi:10.1002/eji.1830251019) (PMID:7589080)

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Abstract

We examined the ability of oral or parenteral immunization with immune stimulating complexes containing ovalbumin (ISCOMS-OVA) to prime T cell proliferative and cytokine responses. A single subcutaneous immunization with ISCOMS-OVA primed potent antigen-specific proliferative responses in the draining popliteal lymph node, which were entirely dependent on the presence of CD4+ T cells. CD8+ T cells did not proliferate in vitro even in the presence of the appropriate peptide epitope and exogenous interleukin (IL)-2. Primed popliteal lymph node cells produced IL-2, IL-5 and interferon (IFN)-γ, but not IL-4 when restimulated with OVA in vitro. Serum antigen-specific IgG1 and IgG2a antibody responses were also primed by subcutaneous immunization with ISCOMS-OVA, confirming the stimulation of both Th1 and Th2 cells in vivo. Spleen cells from subcutaneously primed mice produced a similar pattern of cytokines, indicating that disseminated priming had occurred. Oral immunization with ISCOMS-OVA also primed local antigen-specific proliferative responses in the mesenteric lymph node and primed an identical pattern of systemic cytokine responses in the spleen. The ability of ISCOMS to prime both Th1 and Th2 CD4+ T cell responses may be central to their potent adjuvant activities and confirm the potential of ISCOMS as future oral vaccine vectors.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mowat, Professor Allan and Donachie, Ms Anne Marie
Authors: Maloy, K. J., Donachie, A. M., and Mowat, A. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:European Journal of Immunology
Journal Abbr.:Eur. J. Immunol.
Publisher:Wiley - VCH Verlag
ISSN:0014-2980
ISSN (Online):1521-4141

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