Risk of stroke in chronic heart failure patients without atrial fibrillation: analysis of the controlled rosuvastatin in multinational trial heart failure (corona) and the gruppo italiano per lo studio della sopravvivenza nell'insufficienza cardiaca-heart failure (gissi-hf) trials

Abdul-Rahim, A. H. et al. (2015) Risk of stroke in chronic heart failure patients without atrial fibrillation: analysis of the controlled rosuvastatin in multinational trial heart failure (corona) and the gruppo italiano per lo studio della sopravvivenza nell'insufficienza cardiaca-heart failure (gissi-hf) trials. Circulation, 131(17), pp. 1486-1494. (doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.013760) (PMID:25810334)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Background—Our aim was to describe the incidence and predictors of stroke in patients who have heart failure without atrial fibrillation (AF).<p></p> Methods and Results—We pooled 2 contemporary heart failure trials, the Controlled Rosuvastatin in Multinational Trial Heart Failure (CORONA) and the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell’Insufficienza cardiaca-Heart Failure trial (GISSI-HF). Of the 9585 total patients, 6054 did not have AF. Stroke occurred in 165 patients (4.7%) with AF and in 206 patients (3.4%) without AF (rates 16.8/1000 patient-years and 11.1/1000 patient-years, respectively). Using Cox proportional-hazards models, we identified the following independent predictors of stroke in patients without AF (ranked by χ2 value): age (hazard ratio, 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.18–1.63 per 10 years), New York Heart Association class (1.60, 1.21–2.12 class III/IV versus II), diabetes mellitus treated with insulin (1.87, 1.22–2.88), body mass index (0.74, 0.60–0.91 per 5 kg/m2 up to 30), and previous stroke (1.81, 1.19–2.74). N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (available in 2632 patients) was also an independent predictor of stroke (hazard ratio, 1.31; 1.11–1.57 per log unit) when added to this model. With the use of a risk score formulated from these predictors, we found that patients in the upper third of risk had a rate of stroke that approximated the risk in patients with AF.<p></p> Conclusions—A small number of demographic and clinical variables identified a subset of patients who have heart failure without AF at a high risk of stroke.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Perez, Mrs Ana and Abdul-Rahim, Dr Azmil and Macisaac, Dr Rachael and Lees, Professor Kennedy and Jhund, Dr Pardeep and McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Abdul-Rahim, A. H., Perez, A.-C., Fulton, R. L., Jhund, P. S., Latini, R., Tognoni, G., Wikstrand, J., Kjekshus, J., Lip, G. Y.H., Maggioni, A. P., Tavazzi, L., Lees, K. R., and McMurray, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Circulation
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0009-7322
ISSN (Online):1524-4539

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record