The impact of Bayesian chronologies on the British Iron Age

Hamilton, D. , Haselgrove, C. and Gosden, C. (2015) The impact of Bayesian chronologies on the British Iron Age. World Archaeology, 47(4), pp. 642-660. (doi:10.1080/00438243.2015.1053976)

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Abstract

Radiocarbon dating was long neglected in the Iron Age, with dates on the ‘Hallstatt plateau’ (800–400 BC) considered too broad to be useful compared to artefact typo-chronologies. Such views are now untenable. Around 50 British Iron Age settlements and cemeteries have been dated using Bayesian methodologies, yielding two important general results: 1) typological dating produces sequences that are regularly too late; and 2) many phenomena, from chariot burials to settlement shifts, represent brief horizons, rather than being long lived.<p></p> Drawing on a selection of studies, this paper explores the impact of Bayesian modelling on British Iron Age studies. It highlights potential pitfalls and issues that must be considered when dating the period, illustrates some major successes, and looks to the future.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hamilton, Dr William
Authors: Hamilton, D., Haselgrove, C., and Gosden, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:World Archaeology
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0043-8243
ISSN (Online):1470-1375
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in World Archaeology
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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