Duration of magmatic, hydrothermal, and supergene activity at Cerro Rico de Potosi, Bolivia

Rice, C.M., Steele, G.B., Barfod, D.N., Boyce, A.J. and Pringle, M.S. (2005) Duration of magmatic, hydrothermal, and supergene activity at Cerro Rico de Potosi, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 100(8), pp. 1647-1656. (doi:10.2113/gsecongeo.100.8.1647)

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Abstract

New high precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of sanidine and biotite from two rhyolitic domes and an ignimbrite, combined with existing fission-track data and a hydrothermal sericite age, suggests that the world-class Ag deposit at Cerro Rico was emplaced during a protracted period of magma-related hydrothermal activity beginning at 13.77 ± 0.03 Ma and continuing for at least 0.2 m.y. This may have been sustained by a large single injection or repeated injections of fractionated Ag-enriched magma into a high-level magma chamber. K-Ar dating of alunite indicates that supergene oxidation had begun by about 13.5 Ma, soon after dome emplacement, and progressed semicontinuously for at least 7.5 m.y. This oxidation, while not leading to significant enrichment, has significantly enhanced the economic viability of the disseminated part of the orebody.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barfod, Dr Dan and Boyce, Professor Adrian
Authors: Rice, C.M., Steele, G.B., Barfod, D.N., Boyce, A.J., and Pringle, M.S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Economic Geology
Publisher:Society of Economic Geologists
ISSN:0361-0128
ISSN (Online):1554-0774

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