Olfactory ensheathing cells induce less host astrocyte response and chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan expression than Schwann cells following transplantation into adult CNS white matter

Lakatos, A., Barnett, S. and Franklin, R. (2003) Olfactory ensheathing cells induce less host astrocyte response and chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan expression than Schwann cells following transplantation into adult CNS white matter. Experimental Neurology, 184(1), pp. 237-246. (doi: 10.1016/S0014-4886(03)00270-X)

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Abstract

Both Schwann cells and olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) create an environment favorable to axon regeneration when transplanted into the damaged CNS. However, transplanted cells can also exert an effect on the host tissue that will influence the extent to which regenerating axons can grow beyond the transplanted area and reenter the host environment. In this study equivalent numbers of Lac-Z-labeled Schwann cells and OECs have been separately transplanted into normal white matter of adult rat spinal cord and the host astrocyte response to each compared. Schwann cell transplantation resulted in a greater area of increased glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression compared to that associated with OEC transplantation. This was accompanied by a greater increase in the expression of axon growth inhibitory chrondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) following Schwann cell transplantation compared to OEC transplantation. However, no differences were detected in the increased expression of the specific CSPG neurocan following transplantation of the two cell types. These results mirror differences in the interactions between astrocytes and either Schwann cells or OECs observed in tissue culture models and reveal one aspect of the complex biology of creating regeneration-promoting environments by cell transplantation where transplanted OECs have favorable properties compared to transplanted Schwann cells.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barnett, Professor Susan
Authors: Lakatos, A., Barnett, S., and Franklin, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Experimental Neurology
ISSN:0014-4886

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