Osteoclastogenesis/osteoblastogenesis using human bone marrow-derived cocultures on nanotopographical polymer surfaces

Young, P.S., Tsimbouri, P.M. , Gadegaard, N. , Meek, R.M.D. and Dalby, M.J. (2015) Osteoclastogenesis/osteoblastogenesis using human bone marrow-derived cocultures on nanotopographical polymer surfaces. Nanomedicine, 10(6), pp. 949-957. (doi:10.2217/nnm.14.146) (PMID:25867859)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Optimised nanotopography with controlled disorder (NSQ50) has been shown to stimulate osteogenesis and new bone formation in vitro. Following osteointegration the implant interface must undergo constant remodeling without inducing immune response. AIM: We aimed to assess the effect of nanotopography on bone remodelling using osteoclast and osteoblast cocultures. <p></p> MATERIALS & METHODS: We developed a novel osteoblast/osteoclast coculture using solely human bone marrow derived mesenchymal and hematopeotic progenitor cells without extraneous supplementation. The coculture was been applied to NSQ50 or flat control polycarbonate substrates and assessed using immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and quantitative reverse-transcription PCR methods.<p></p> RESULTS: These confirm the presence of mature osteoclasts, osteoblasts and bone formation in coculture. Osteoblast differentiation increased on NSQ50, with no significant difference in osteoclast differentiation.<p></p> CONCLUSION: Controlled disorder nanotopography appears to be selectively bioactive. We recommend this coculture method to be a better in vitro approximation of the osseous environment encountered by implants.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tsimbouri, Dr Penelope and Dalby, Professor Matthew and Gadegaard, Professor Nikolaj
Authors: Young, P.S., Tsimbouri, P.M., Gadegaard, N., Meek, R.M.D., and Dalby, M.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Nanomedicine
Publisher:Future Medicine
ISSN:1743-5889
ISSN (Online):1748-6963

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