High osmolarity glycerol response PtcB phosphatase is important for Aspergillus fumigatus virulence

Winkelströter, L. K. et al. (2015) High osmolarity glycerol response PtcB phosphatase is important for Aspergillus fumigatus virulence. Molecular Microbiology, 96(1), pp. 42-54. (doi:10.1111/mmi.12919) (PMID:25597841)

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Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungal pathogen that is capable of adapting to different host niches and to avoid host defenses. An enhanced understanding of how, and which, A. fumigatus signal transduction pathways are engaged in the regulation of these processes is essential for the development of improved disease control strategies. Protein phosphatases are central to numerous signal transduction pathways. To comprehend the functions of protein phosphatases in A. fumigatus, 32 phosphatase catalytic subunit encoding genes were identified. We have recognized PtcB as one of the phosphatases involved in the high osmolarity glycerol response (HOG) pathway. The ΔptcB mutant has both increased phosphorylation of the p38 MAPK (SakA) and expression of osmo-dependent genes. The ΔptcB strain was more sensitive to cell wall damaging agents, had increased chitin and β-1,3-glucan, and impaired biofilm formation. The ΔptcB strain was avirulent in a murine model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. These results stress the importance of the HOG pathway in the regulation of pathogenicity determinants and virulence in A. fumigatus.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ramage, Professor Gordon and Rajendran, Dr Ranjith
Authors: Winkelströter, L. K., Bom, V. L. P., de Castro, P. A., Ramalho, L. N. Z., Goldman, M. H. S., Brown, N. A., Rajendran, R., Ramage, G., Bovier, E., dos Reis, T. F., Savoldi, M., Hagiwara, D., and Goldman, G. H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Molecular Microbiology
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN:0950-382X
ISSN (Online):1365-2958

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