Microscopic enteritis: Bucharest consensus

Rostami, K. et al. (2015) Microscopic enteritis: Bucharest consensus. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21(9), pp. 2593-2604. (doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i9.2593) (PMID:25759526) (PMCID:PMC4351208)

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Abstract

Microscopic enteritis (ME) is an inflammatory condition of the small bowel that leads to gastrointestinal symptoms, nutrient and micronutrient deficiency. It is characterised by microscopic or sub-microscopic abnormalities such as microvillus changes and enterocytic alterations in the absence of definite macroscopic changes using standard modern endoscopy. This work recognises a need to characterize disorders with microscopic and submicroscopic features, currently regarded as functional or non-specific entities, to obtain further understanding of their clinical relevance. The consensus working party reviewed statements about the aetiology, diagnosis and symptoms associated with ME and proposes an algorithm for its investigation and treatment. Following the 5th International Course in Digestive Pathology in Bucharest in November 2012, an international group of 21 interested pathologists and gastroenterologists formed a working party with a view to formulating a consensus statement on ME. A five-step agreement scale (from strong agreement to strong disagreement) was used to score 21 statements, independently. There was strong agreement on all statements about ME histology (95%-100%). Statements concerning diagnosis achieved 85% to 100% agreement. A statement on the management of ME elicited agreement from the lowest rate (60%) up to 100%. The remaining two categories showed general agreement between experts on clinical presentation (75%-95%) and pathogenesis (80%-90%) of ME. There was strong agreement on the histological definition of ME. Weaker agreement on management indicates a need for further investigations, better definitions and clinical trials to produce quality guidelines for management. This ME consensus is a step toward greater recognition of a significant entity affecting symptomatic patients previously labelled as non-specific or functional enteropathy.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Derakhshan, Dr Mohammad and Srivastava, Mr Anubhav and Going, Dr James
Authors: Rostami, K., Aldulaimi, D., Holmes, G., Johnson, M.W., Robert, M., Srivastava, A., Flejou, J.F., Sanders, D.S., Volta, U., Derakhshan, M., Going, J., Becheanu, G., Catassi, C., Danciu, M., Materacki, L., Ghafarzadegan, K., Ishaq, S., Rostami-Nejad, M., Pena, A.S., Bassotti, G., Marsh, M.N., and Villanacci, V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:World Journal of Gastroenterology
Publisher:Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.
ISSN:1007-9327
ISSN (Online):2219-2840

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