pH reduction as a trigger for dissociation of herpes simplex virus type 1 scaffolds

McCLelland, D.A., Aitken, J.D., Bhella, D. , McNab, D., Mitchell, J., Kelly, S.M. , Price, N.C. and Rixon, F.J. (2002) pH reduction as a trigger for dissociation of herpes simplex virus type 1 scaffolds. Journal of Virology, 76, pp. 7407-7417. (doi: 10.1128/VJI.76.15.7407-7417.2002)

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Assembly of the infectious herpes simplex virus type 1 virion is a complex, multistage process that begins with the production of a procapsid, which is formed by the condensation of capsid shell proteins around an internal scaffold fashioned from multiple copies of the scaffolding protein, pre-VP22a. The ability of pre-VP22a to interact with itself is an essential feature of this process. However, this self-interaction must subsequently be reversed to allow the scaffolding proteins to exit from the capsid to make room for the viral genome to be packaged. The nature of the process by which dissociation of the scaffold is accomplished is unknown. Therefore, to investigate this process, the properties of isolated scaffold particles were investigated. Electron microscopy and gradient sedimentation studies showed that the particles could be dissociated by low concentrations of chaotropic agents and by moderate reductions in pH (from 7.2 to 5.5). Fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism analyses revealed that there was relatively little change in tertiary and secondary structures under these conditions, indicating that major structural transformations are not required for the dissociation process. We suggest the possibility that dissociation of the scaffold may be triggered by a reduction in pH brought about by the entry of the viral DNA into the capsid.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Aitken, Mr James and Bhella, Professor David and Mitchell, Mrs Joyce and McNab, Mr David and Price, Prof Nicholas and Kelly, Dr Sharon and Rixon, Dr Frazer
Authors: McCLelland, D.A., Aitken, J.D., Bhella, D., McNab, D., Mitchell, J., Kelly, S.M., Price, N.C., and Rixon, F.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Journal Abbr.:J. Virol.
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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