A computational study on spiral blood flow in stenosed arteries with and without an upstream curved section

Hye, M.A. and Paul, M.C. (2015) A computational study on spiral blood flow in stenosed arteries with and without an upstream curved section. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 39(16), pp. 4746-4766. (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2015.04.019)

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Abstract

Spiral and non-spiral blood flows through three-dimensional models of 75% axisymmetric arterial stenosis are investigated by using two-equation standard k  -ω transitional model and Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The arterial stenosis models chosen are straight stenosed tubes without and with upstream curved segments of various angles of curvature. The Reynolds numbers investigated are 500,1000,1500 and 2000. Spiral effect is introduced by taking one-sixth of the bulk velocity as a tangential velocity at the inlet, and the inlet turbulence intensity was introduced for matching experimental results. LES results with a right amount of inlet turbulence intensity matches experimental results better than the k  -ω results. The results show that the spiral flow affects the turbulence kinetic energy in the post stenosis region. Other important results such as the wall pressure and shear stress remain almost unchanged by the spiral velocity. But the presence of the upstream curved segment in artery moderately affects the results of the maximum pressure drop and wall shear stress.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Mathematical Modelling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Mathematical Modelling,39(16):4746-4766 [2015] DOI:10.1016/j.apm.2015.04.019
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Dr Manosh
Authors: Hye, M.A., and Paul, M.C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Applied Mathematical Modelling
Publisher:Elsevier Inc.
ISSN:0307-904X
ISSN (Online):0307-904X
Published Online:24 April 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
First Published:First published in Applied Mathematical Modelling 39(16):4746-4766
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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