Steric interactions stabilize the signaling state of the LOV2 domain of phototropin 1

Christie, J.M. , Corchnoy, S.B., Swartz, T.E., Hokenson, M., Han, I.S., Briggs, W.R. and Bogomolni, R.A. (2007) Steric interactions stabilize the signaling state of the LOV2 domain of phototropin 1. Biochemistry, 46(32), pp. 9310-9319. (doi: 10.1021/bi700852w)

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Abstract

Phototropins (phot1 and phot2) are blue light receptor kinases that control a range of photoresponses that serve to optimize the photosynthetic efficiency of plants. Light sensing by the phototropins is mediated by a repeated motif at the N-terminal region of the protein known as the LOV domain. Bacterially expressed LOV domains bind flavin mononucleotide noncovalently and are photochemically active in solution. Irradiation of the LOV domain results in the formation of a flavin-cysteinyl adduct (LOV<sub>390</sub>) which thermally relaxes back to the ground state in the dark, effectively completing a photocycle that serves as a molecular switch to control receptor kinase activity. We have employed a random mutagenesis approach to identify further amino acid residues involved in LOV-domain photochemistry. Escherichia coli colonies expressing a mutagenized population of LOV2 derived from Avena sativa (oat) phot1 were screened for variants that showed altered photochemical reactivity in response to blue light excitation. One variant showed slower rates of LOV<sub>390</sub> formation but exhibited adduct decay times 1 order of magnitude faster than wild type. A single Ile → Val substitution was responsible for the effects observed, which removes a single methyl group found in van der Waals contact with the cysteine sulfur involved in adduct formation. A kinetic acceleration trend was observed for adduct decay by decreasing the size of the isoleucine side chain. Our findings therefore indicate that the steric nature of this amino acid side chain contributes to stabilization of the C−S cysteinyl adduct.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Christie, Professor John
Authors: Christie, J.M., Corchnoy, S.B., Swartz, T.E., Hokenson, M., Han, I.S., Briggs, W.R., and Bogomolni, R.A.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochemistry
ISSN:0006-2960
ISSN (Online):1520-4995
Published Online:21 July 2007

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