Empirical evaluation of the uncanny valley hypothesis fails to confirm the predicted effect of motion

Piwek, L., McKay, L. and Pollick, F. E. (2014) Empirical evaluation of the uncanny valley hypothesis fails to confirm the predicted effect of motion. Cognition, 130(3), pp. 271-277. (doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2013.11.001) (PMID:24374019)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

The uncanny valley hypothesis states that the acceptability of an artificial character will not increase linearly in relation to its likeness to human form. Instead, after an initial rise in acceptability there will be a pronounced decrease when the character is similar, but not identical to human form (Mori, 1970/2012). Moreover, it has been claimed but never directly tested that movement would accentuate this dip and make moving characters less acceptable. We used a number of full-body animated computer characters along with a parametrically defined motion set to examine the effect of motion quality on the uncanny valley. We found that improving the motion quality systematically improved the acceptability of the characters. In particular, the character classified in the deepest location of the uncanny valley became more acceptable when it was animated. Our results showed that although an uncanny valley was found for static characters, the deepening of the valley with motion, originally predicted by Mori (1970/2012), was not obtained.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Piwek, L., McKay, L., and Pollick, F. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Cognition
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN:0010-0277
ISSN (Online):1873-7838

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record