The determinants of young adult social well-being and health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health

Harding, S., Read, U. M., Molaodi, O. R., Cassidy, A., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Astell-Burt, T., Teyhan, A., Whitrow, M. and Enayat, Z. E. (2015) The determinants of young adult social well-being and health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(8), pp. 1173-1188. (doi:10.1007/s00127-015-1047-9) (PMID:25861790) (PMCID:PMC4519637)

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Abstract

Purpose: The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health longitudinal study draws on life-course models to understand ethnic differences in health. A key hypothesis relates to the role of psychosocial factors in nurturing the health and well-being of ethnic minorities growing up in the UK. We report the effects of culturally patterned exposures in childhood. Methods: In 2002/2003, 6643 11–13 year olds in London, ~80 % ethnic minorities, participated in the baseline survey. In 2005/2006, 4782 were followed-up. In 2012–2014, 665 took part in a pilot follow-up aged 21–23 years, including 42 qualitative interviews. Measures of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors and health were collected. Results: Ethnic minority adolescents reported better mental health than White British, despite more adversity (e.g. economic disadvantage, racism). It is unclear what explains this resilience but findings support a role for cultural factors. Racism was an adverse influence on mental health, while family care and connectedness, religious involvement and ethnic diversity of friendships were protective. While mental health resilience was a feature throughout adolescence, a less positive picture emerged for cardio-respiratory health. Both, mental health and cultural factors played a role. These patterns largely endured in early 20s with family support reducing stressful transitions to adulthood. Education levels, however, signal potential for socio-economic parity across ethnic groups.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Astell-Burt, Mr Thomas and Lenguerrand, Dr Erik and Read, Dr Ursula and Maynard, Dr Maria and Harding, Professor Seeromanie and Molaodi, Dr Oarabile
Authors: Harding, S., Read, U. M., Molaodi, O. R., Cassidy, A., Maynard, M. J., Lenguerrand, E., Astell-Burt, T., Teyhan, A., Whitrow, M., and Enayat, Z. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ISSN:0933-7954
ISSN (Online):1433-9285
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 50(8):1173-1188
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656561Top of Form Ethnicity and health Bottom of FormSeeromanie HardingMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/1IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
727651SPHSU Core Renewal: Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Research ProgrammeAlastair LeylandMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/13IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU