Targeted laser ablation of the zebrafish larval heart induces models of heart block, valvular regurgitation, and outflow tract obstruction

Matrone, G., Maqsood, S., Taylor, J. , Mullins, J. J., Tucker, C. S. and Denvir, M. A. (2014) Targeted laser ablation of the zebrafish larval heart induces models of heart block, valvular regurgitation, and outflow tract obstruction. Zebrafish, 11(6), pp. 536-541. (doi:10.1089/zeb.2014.1027) (PMID:25272304) (PMCID:PMC4248242)

Matrone, G., Maqsood, S., Taylor, J. , Mullins, J. J., Tucker, C. S. and Denvir, M. A. (2014) Targeted laser ablation of the zebrafish larval heart induces models of heart block, valvular regurgitation, and outflow tract obstruction. Zebrafish, 11(6), pp. 536-541. (doi:10.1089/zeb.2014.1027) (PMID:25272304) (PMCID:PMC4248242)

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Abstract

Mammalian models of cardiac disease have provided unique and important insights into human disease but have become increasingly challenging to produce. The zebrafish could provide inexpensive high-throughput models of cardiac injury and repair. We used a highly targeted laser, synchronized to fire at specific phases of the cardiac cycle, to induce regional injury to the ventricle, atrioventricular (AV) cushion, and bulbus arteriosus (BA). We assessed the impact of laser injury on hearts of zebrafish early larvae at 72 h postfertilization, to different regions, recording the effects on ejection fraction (EF), heart rate (HR), and blood flow at 2 and 24 h postinjury (hpi). Laser injury to the apex, midzone, and outflow regions of the ventricle resulted in reductions of the ventricle EF at 2 hpi with full recovery of function by 24 hpi. Laser injury to the ventricle, close to the AV cushion, was more likely to cause bradycardia and atrial–ventricular dysfunction, suggestive of an electrical conduction block. At 2 hpi, direct injury to the AV cushion resulted in marked regurgitation of blood from the ventricle to the atrium. Laser injury to the BA caused temporary outflow tract obstruction with cessation of ventricle contraction and circulation. Despite such damage, 80% of embryos showed complete recovery of the HR and function within 24 h of laser injury. Precision laser injury to key structures in the zebrafish developing heart provides a range of potentially useful models of hemodynamic overload, injury, and repair.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Taylor, Dr Jonathan
Authors: Matrone, G., Maqsood, S., Taylor, J., Mullins, J. J., Tucker, C. S., and Denvir, M. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Zebrafish
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
ISSN:1545-8547
ISSN (Online):1557-8542

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