Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia = Metabolic response to high intensity exercise training in sedentary hyperglycemic and hypercholesterolemic women

Alvarez, C. L., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Flores, M. O., Henríquez-Olguín, C., Campos, C. J., Carrasco, V., Martínez, C. S. and Celis-Morales, C. (2013) Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia = Metabolic response to high intensity exercise training in sedentary hyperglycemic and hypercholesterolemic women. Revista Medica de Chile, 141(10), pp. 1293-1299. (doi:10.4067/S0034-98872013001000008) (PMID:24522357)

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Abstract

Background: High intensity training could be an effective way of improving health on individuals at high metabolic risk. Aim: To investigate the effects of a high intensity training intervention on metabolic-related markers in sedentary women at high metabolic risk. Material and Methods: Forty six sedentary women with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were assigned to four groups, according to their metabolic profile; hyperglycemia (H, n = 12), hyperglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (HH, n = 13), normoglycemia (N, n = 10) and normoglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (NH, n = 11). For 12 weeks and five days per week, subjects performed seven intervals of high intensity training (20 to 30 seconds) during a training session of 20 minutes. Anthropometric (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference) and metabolic variables (glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and TG) were measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Results: BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention. Similarly, glucose decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention in all groups. The reduction was of higher magnitude in those groups with hyperglycemia (H = -16%, HH = -22%, N = -7,5%, NH = -9,6%). However, lipid profile (TG, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL) improved significantly only in the hypercholesterolemic groups. Conclusions: Physical activity programs incorporating high intensity training can improve glucose and lipid profile in women with metabolic disorders. Moreover, this benefit is greatest in those individuals with highest metabolic burden.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos
Authors: Alvarez, C. L., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Flores, M. O., Henríquez-Olguín, C., Campos, C. J., Carrasco, V., Martínez, C. S., and Celis-Morales, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Revista Medica de Chile
Publisher:Sociedad Medica de Santiago
ISSN:0034-9887
ISSN (Online):0717-6163
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Revista Medica de Chile 141(10):1293-1299
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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