Unscented Kalman filter approach to tracking a moving interfacial boundary in sedimentation processes using three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography

Khambampati, A.K., Rashid, A., Ijaz, U.Z. , Kim, S., Soleimani, M. and Kim, K.Y. (2009) Unscented Kalman filter approach to tracking a moving interfacial boundary in sedimentation processes using three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367(1900), pp. 3095-3120. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2009.0081) (PMID:19581257)

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Abstract

The monitoring of solid–fluid suspensions under the influence of gravity is widely used in industrial processes. By considering sedimentation layers with different electrical properties, non-invasive methods such as electrical impedance tomography (EIT) can be used to estimate the settling curves and velocities. In recent EIT studies, the problem of estimating the locations of phase interfaces and phase conductivities has been treated as a nonlinear state estimation problem and the extended Kalman filter (EKF) has been successfully applied. However, the EKF is based on a Gaussian assumption and requires a linearized measurement model. The linearization (or derivation of the Jacobian) is possible when there are no discontinuities in the system. Furthermore, having a complex phase interface representation makes derivation of the Jacobian a tedious task. Therefore, in this paper, we explore the unscented Kalman filter (UKF) as an alternative approach for estimating phase interfaces and conductivities in sedimentation processes. The UKF uses a nonlinear measurement model and is therefore more accurate. In order to justify the proposed approach, extensive numerical experiments have been performed and a comparative analysis with the EKF is provided.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ijaz, Dr Umer Zeeshan
Authors: Khambampati, A.K., Rashid, A., Ijaz, U.Z., Kim, S., Soleimani, M., and Kim, K.Y.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Publisher:Royal Society
ISSN:1364-503X
ISSN (Online):1471-2962

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