Is local alcohol outlet density related to alcohol-related morbidity and mortality in Scottish cities?

Richardson, E.A., Hill, S.E., Mitchell, R. , Pearce, J. and Shortt, N.K. (2015) Is local alcohol outlet density related to alcohol-related morbidity and mortality in Scottish cities? Health and Place, 33, pp. 172-180. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.02.014) (PMID:25840352) (PMCID:PMC4415114)

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Abstract

Alcohol consumption may be influenced by the local alcohol retailing environment. This study is the first to examine neighbourhood alcohol outlet availability (on- and off-sales outlets) and alcohol-related health outcomes in Scotland. Alcohol-related hospitalisations and deaths were significantly higher in neighbourhoods with higher outlet densities, and off-sales outlets were more important than on-sales outlets. The relationships held for most age groups, including those under the legal minimum drinking age, although were not significant for the youngest legal drinkers (18–25 years). Alcohol-related deaths and hospitalisations were higher in more income-deprived neighbourhoods, and the gradient in deaths (but not hospitalisations) was marginally larger in neighbourhoods with higher off-sales outlet densities. Efforts to reduce alcohol-related harm should consider the potentially important role of the alcohol retail environment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mitchell, Professor Richard
Authors: Richardson, E.A., Hill, S.E., Mitchell, R., Pearce, J., and Shortt, N.K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Health and Place
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:1353-8292
ISSN (Online):1873-2054
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Health and Place 33:172-180
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
590681PhyBEHI: Physical built environments and health inequalitiesRichard MitchellEuropean Commission (EC)263501PhyBEHIFPIHW - PUBLIC HEALTH