Regulation of alphaherpesvirus infections by the ICP0 family of proteins

Boutell, C. and Everett, R. (2013) Regulation of alphaherpesvirus infections by the ICP0 family of proteins. Journal of General Virology, 94(3), pp. 465-481. (doi: 10.1099/vir.0.048900-0) (PMID:23239572)

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Abstract

Immediate-early protein ICP0 of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is important for the regulation of lytic and latent viral infection. Like the related proteins expressed by other alphaherpesviruses, ICP0 has a zinc-stabilized RING finger domain that confers E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. This domain is essential for the core functions of ICP0 and its activity leads to the degradation of a number of cellular proteins, some of which are involved in cellular defences that restrict viral infection. The article reviews recent advances in ICP0-related research, with an emphasis on the mechanisms by which ICP0 and related proteins counteract antiviral restriction and the roles in this process of cellular nuclear substructures known as ND10 or PML nuclear bodies. We also summarize recent advances in the understanding of the biochemical aspects of ICP0 activity. These studies highlight the importance of the SUMO conjugation pathway in both intrinsic resistance to HSV-1 infection and in substrate targeting by ICP0. The topics discussed in this review are relevant not only to HSV-1 infection, but also to cellular intrinsic resistance against herpesviruses more generally and the mechanisms by which viruses can evade this restriction.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Boutell, Dr Chris and Everett, Professor Roger
Authors: Boutell, C., and Everett, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of General Virology
Publisher:Society for General Microbiology
ISSN:0022-1317
ISSN (Online):1465-2099
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 SGM
First Published:First published in Journal of General Virology 94(3):465-481
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
656521The role of ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like proteins during viral infectionChris BoutellMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12014/5MVLS III - CENTRE FOR VIRUS RESEARCH