Exploring the social, emotional and behavioural development of preschool children: is Glasgow different?

Marryat, L., Thompson, L. , Minnis, H. and Wilson, P. (2015) Exploring the social, emotional and behavioural development of preschool children: is Glasgow different? International Journal for Equity in Health, 14, 3. (doi:10.1186/s12939-014-0129-8) (PMID:25596752) (PMCID:PMC4301859)

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Abstract

Background Glasgow City has poorer adolescent and adult health outcomes in comparison to demographically similar cities in England and the rest of Scotland. Until now, little exploration of differences in child development between Glasgow and other areas has been made. The authors hypothesized that the poorer health outcomes and lifestyle behaviours of adults, coupled with relative economic deprivation, may impact on child social, emotional and behavioural development, compared with children from other parts of Scotland.<p></p> Methods Data from the Growing Up in Scotland national birth cohort study were used. Differences between Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) scores and child and family characteristics of children living in the Greater Glasgow and Clyde (GGC) Health board vs. other health boards were examined. Logistic regression and linear regression models were fitted in order to explore independent associations between health board and SDQ raw and banded scores, respectively, whilst controlling for other contributing factors.<p></p> Results Children in GGC were demographically different from those in other areas of Scotland, being significantly more likely to live in the most deprived areas, yet no difference was found in relation to the mental health of preschool-aged children in GGC. Children in GGC had slightly better SDQ Conduct Problems scores once demographic factors were controlled for.<p></p> Conclusions At 46 months, there does not appear to be any difference in Glasgow with regards to social, emotional and behavioural development. Glaswegian children appear to have slightly fewer conduct problems at this age, once demographics are taken into account. A range of theories are put forward as to why no differences were found, including the inclusion of areas adjacent to Glasgow City in the analysis, sleeper effects, and rater bias.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wilson, Dr Philip and Minnis, Professor Helen and Thompson, Dr Lucy and Marryat, Dr Louise
Authors: Marryat, L., Thompson, L., Minnis, H., and Wilson, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:International Journal for Equity in Health
Publisher:BioMed Central Ltd
ISSN:1475-9276
ISSN (Online):1475-9276
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal for Equity in Health 14:3
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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