The implications of state-dependent tDCS effects in aging: behavioural response is determined by baseline performance

Learmonth, G., Thut, G. , Benwell, C. S.Y. and Harvey, M. (2015) The implications of state-dependent tDCS effects in aging: behavioural response is determined by baseline performance. Neuropsychologia, 74, pp. 108-119. (doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.01.037) (PMID:25637226)

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Abstract

Young adults typically display a processing advantage towards the left side of space (“pseudoneglect”), possibly as a result of right parietal dominance for spatial attention. This bias is ameliorated with age, with older adults displaying either no strongly lateralised bias, or a slight bias towards the right. This may represent an age-related reduction of right hemispheric dominance and/or increased left hemispheric involvement. Here, we applied anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (atDCS) to the right posterior parietal cortex (PPC; R-atDCS), the left PPC (L-atDCS) and a Sham protocol in young and older adults during a titrated lateralised visual detection task. We aimed to facilitate visual detection sensitivity in the contralateral visual field with both R-atDCS and L-atDCS relative to Sham. We found no differences in the effects of stimulation between young and older adults. Instead the effects of atDCS were state-dependent (i.e. related to task performance at baseline). Relative to Sham, poor task performers were impaired in both visual fields by anodal stimulation of the left posterior parietal cortex (PPC). Conversely, good performers maintained sensitivity in both visual fields in response to R-atDCS, although this effect was small. We highlight the importance of considering baseline task ability when designing tDCS experiments, particularly in older adults.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Learmonth, Dr Gemma and Benwell, Mr Christopher and Thut, Professor Gregor and Harvey, Dr Monika
Authors: Learmonth, G., Thut, G., Benwell, C. S.Y., and Harvey, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Neuropsychologia
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0028-3932
ISSN (Online):1873-3514
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Neuropsychologia 74:108-119
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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