Switching between manual control and brain-computer interface using long term and short term quality measures

Kreilinger, A., Kaiser, V., Breitwieser, C., Williamson, J. , Neuper, C. and Müller-Putz, G. R. (2012) Switching between manual control and brain-computer interface using long term and short term quality measures. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 5(147), (doi: 10.3389/fnins.2011.00147)

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Assistive devices for persons with limited motor control translate or amplify remaining functions to allow otherwise impossible actions. These assistive devices usually rely on just one type of input signal which can be derived from residual muscle functions or any other kind of biosignal. When only one signal is used, the functionality of the assistive device can be reduced as soon as the quality of the provided signal is impaired. The quality can decrease in case of fatigue, lack of concentration, high noise, spasms, tremors, depending on the type of signal. To overcome this dependency on one input signal, a combination of more inputs should be feasible. This work presents a hybrid Brain-Computer Interface (hBCI) approach where two different input signals (joystick and BCI) were monitored and only one of them was chosen as a control signal at a time. Users could move a car in a game-like feedback application to collect coins and avoid obstacles via either joystick or BCI control. Both control types were constantly monitored with four different long term quality measures to evaluate the current state of the signals. As soon as the quality dropped below a certain threshold, a monitoring system would switch to the other control mode and vice versa. Additionally, short term quality measures were applied to check for strong artifacts that could render voluntary control impossible. These measures were used to prohibit actions carried out during times when highly uncertain signals were recorded. The switching possibility allowed more functionality for the users. Moving the car was still possible even after one control mode was not working any more. The proposed system serves as a basis that shows how BCI can be used as an assistive device, especially in combination with other assistive technology.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Williamson, Dr John
Authors: Kreilinger, A., Kaiser, V., Breitwieser, C., Williamson, J., Neuper, C., and Müller-Putz, G. R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:Frontiers in Neuroscience
ISSN (Online):1662-453X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 The Authors
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Neuroscience 5:147
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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