Cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms

Lee, D., Wilson, K., Akehurst, R., Cowie, M.R., Zannad, F., Krum, H., van Veldhuisen, D.J., Vincent, J., Pitt, B. and McMurray, J.J.V. (2014) Cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. Heart, 100(21), pp. 1681-1687. (doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2014-305673) (PMID:24993605) (PMCID:PMC4215293)

[img]
Preview
Text
103214.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

1MB

Abstract

Aim In the Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure (EMPHASIS-HF), aldosterone blockade with eplerenone decreased mortality and hospitalisation in patients with mild symptoms (New York Heart Association class II) and chronic systolic heart failure (HF). The present study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in the treatment of these patients in the UK and Spain.

Methods and results Results from the EMPHASIS-HF trial were used to develop a discrete-event simulation model estimating lifetime direct costs and effects (life years and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained) of the addition of eplerenone to standard care among patients with chronic systolic HF and mild symptoms. Eplerenone plus standard care compared with standard care alone increased lifetime direct costs per patient by £4284 for the UK and €7358 for Spain, with additional quality-adjusted life expectancy of 1.22 QALYs for the UK and 1.33 QALYs for Spain. Mean lifetime costs were £3520 per QALY in the UK and €5532 per QALY in Spain. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis suggested a 100% likelihood of eplerenone being regarded as cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of £20 000 per QALY (UK) or €30 000 per QALY (Spain).

Conclusions By currently accepted standards of value for money, the addition of eplerenone to optimal medical therapy for patients with chronic systolic HF and mild symptoms is likely to be cost-effective.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Lee, D., Wilson, K., Akehurst, R., Cowie, M.R., Zannad, F., Krum, H., van Veldhuisen, D.J., Vincent, J., Pitt, B., and McMurray, J.J.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Heart
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1355-6037
ISSN (Online):1468-201X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Heart 100(21):1681-1687
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record