An rpsL-based allelic exchange vector for Staphylococcus aureus

Chen, J., Ram, G., Yoong, P., Penadés, J. R. , Shopsin, B. and Novick, R. P. (2015) An rpsL-based allelic exchange vector for Staphylococcus aureus. Plasmid, 79, pp. 8-14. (doi: 10.1016/j.plasmid.2015.02.002) (PMID:25659529)

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Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most successful bacterial pathogens, harboring a vast repertoire of virulence factors in its arsenal. As such, the genetic manipulation of S. aureus chromosomal DNA is an important tool for the study of genes involved in virulence and survival in the host. Previously reported allelic exchange vectors for S. aureus are shuttle vectors that can be propagated in Escherichia coli, so that standard genetic manipulations can be carried out. Most of the vectors currently in use carry the temperature-sensitive replicon (pE194ts) that was originally developed for use in Bacillus subtilis. Here we show that in S. aureus, the thermosensitivity of a pE194ts vector is incomplete at standard non-permissive temperatures (42 °C), and replication of the plasmid is impaired but not abolished. We report rpsL-based counterselection vectors, with an improved temperature-sensitive replicon (pT181 repC3) that is completely blocked for replication in S. aureus at non-permissive and standard growth temperature (37 °C). We also describe a set of temperature-sensitive vectors that can be cured at standard growth temperature. These vectors provide highly effective tools for rapidly generating allelic replacement mutations and curing expression plasmids, and expand the genetic tool set available for the study of S. aureus.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penades, Prof Jose R
Authors: Chen, J., Ram, G., Yoong, P., Penadés, J. R., Shopsin, B., and Novick, R. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Plasmid
Publisher:Elsevier Inc.
ISSN (Online):1095-9890

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