Independent and combined association of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being with fibromyalgia severity: the al-Ándalus project

Estévez-López, F., Gray, C. M., Segura-Jiménez, V., Soriano-Maldonado, A., Álvarez-Gallardo, I. C., Arrayás-Grajera, M. J., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Aparicio, V. A., Delgado-Fernández, M. and Pulido-Martos, M. (2015) Independent and combined association of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being with fibromyalgia severity: the al-Ándalus project. Quality of Life Research, 24(8), pp. 1865-1873. (doi:10.1007/s11136-015-0917-7) (PMID:25596699)

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Abstract

Purpose: The present study aimed: (1) to test the associations of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being with fibromyalgia severity and (2) to determine whether the combination of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being is associated with fibromyalgia severity among adult women patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 424 participants from Andalusia, southern Spain. Overall physical fitness and the components of subjective well-being (positive affect, negative affect and cognitive well-being), and fibromyalgia severity were assessed using the Functional Senior Physical Fitness Test Battery, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, respectively. Results: Overall physical fitness (β = −.23), positive affect (β = −.18), negative affect (β = .26), and cognitive well-being (β = −.18) were all associated with fibromyalgia severity. The patients with the highest overall physical fitness and increased subjective well-being reported ~15 % lower fibromyalgia severity than those with the lowest fitness and poorest subjective well-being (Cohen’s d > 1.0). Conclusion: Our results suggest that higher levels of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being are independently associated with lower fibromyalgia severity. Moreover, patients with higher overall physical fitness and increased subjective well-being (high positive affect, low negative affect, or high cognitive well-being) reported lower fibromyalgia severity than those with low levels of overall physical fitness and subjective well-being.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Lucinda and Estevez-Lopez, Mr Fernando
Authors: Estévez-López, F., Gray, C. M., Segura-Jiménez, V., Soriano-Maldonado, A., Álvarez-Gallardo, I. C., Arrayás-Grajera, M. J., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Aparicio, V. A., Delgado-Fernández, M., and Pulido-Martos, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
College of Social Sciences
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Quality of Life Research
Publisher:Springer International Publishing
ISSN:0962-9343
ISSN (Online):1573-2649
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Springer International Publishing
First Published:First published in Quality of Life Research 24(8):1865-1873
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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