Microbial factors and gingival crevicular fluid aspartate aminotransferase levels: a cross-sectional study

Smith, A.J., Alexander, M., Mackenzie, D., Lennon, A., Riggio, M.P. and MacFarlane, T.W. (1998) Microbial factors and gingival crevicular fluid aspartate aminotransferase levels: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 25(4), pp. 334-339. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.1998.tb02450.x)

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Abstract

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the clinical application of chairside tests for gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) aspartale amino-transferase (AST) levels and plaque BANA hydrolysis activity with the presence of the periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinohacillus action-mycetemcomitans. The study comprised 100 periodontitis sites (pocket depths≄4 mm. GI = 3) from 10 patients with chronic adult periodontitis and 100 control sites (pocket depths <4 mm. GI<3) from 10 periodontally healthy patients comprising 55 healthy sites (pocket depths <4 mm. GI=0) and 45 gingivitis sites (pocket depths <4 mm, GI=1 or 2). The values for both BANA hydrolysis and AST levels were significantly higher in samples from periodontitis compared with gingivitis and healthy sites (p<0.001), A. actinomycetemcomitans was identified in 45% and P. gingivalis in 17% of periodontitis sites but neither pathogen was recovered from control sites and there was no significant correlation with (he clinical parameters measured. There was no significant relationship between the presence of P. gingivalis and/or A. actinmycetemcomitans with BANA hydrolysis or AST levels. A significant correlation (p=0.0017) was observed between BANA hydrolysis and pocket depth and between AST hydrolysis and the GI (p=0.01). This study failed to demonstrate a positive association between chairside analysis of GCF metabolites for AST levels and/or BANA hydrolysis with P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. However, the GCF metabolites had a significant correlation with periodontally diseased sites in patients with chronic adult periodontitis and may help confirm clinical observations.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lennon, Mr Alan and Smith, Professor Andrew and Riggio, Dr Marcello
Authors: Smith, A.J., Alexander, M., Mackenzie, D., Lennon, A., Riggio, M.P., and MacFarlane, T.W.
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ISSN:0303-6979
ISSN (Online):1600-051X

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