Role of biofilms in the oral health of animals

Williams, D. W., Lewis, M. A.O., Percival, S. L., Kuriyama, T., da Silva, S. and Riggio, M. P. (2011) Role of biofilms in the oral health of animals. In: Percival, S., Knottenbelt, D. and Cochrane, C. (eds.) Biofilms and Veterinary Medicine. Series: Springer series on biofilms, 6. Springer: Berlin, pp. 129-142. ISBN 9783642212888 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-21289-5_5)

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Publisher's URL: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-21289-5_5

Abstract

In humans the importance of biofilms in disease processes is now widely recognised together with the difficulties in treating such infections once established. One of the earliest and certainly most studied biofilm in humans is that of dental plaque which is responsible for two of the most prevalent human infections, namely dental caries and periodontal disease. However, comparable studies of dental plaque in animals are relatively limited, despite the fact that similar infections also occur, and in the case of farm animals there is an associated economic impact. In addition, biofilms in the mouths of animals can also be detrimental to human health when transferred by animal bites. As a result, an understanding of both the microbial composition of animal plaque biofilms together with their role in animal diseases is important. Through the use of modern molecular studies, an insight into the oral microflora of animals is now being obtained and, to date, reveals that despite differences in terms of microbial species and relative proportions occurring between humans and animals, similarities do indeed exist. This information can be exploited in our efforts to both manage and treat infections in animals arising from the presence of an oral biofilm. This Chapter describes our current understanding of the microbial composition of animal plaque, its role in disease and how oral hygiene measures can be implemented to reduce subsequent infection.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Riggio, Dr Marcello
Authors: Williams, D. W., Lewis, M. A.O., Percival, S. L., Kuriyama, T., da Silva, S., and Riggio, M. P.
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Publisher:Springer
ISBN:9783642212888

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