Phosphorylation-dependent interactions between enzymes of plant metabolism and 14-3-3 proteins

Moorhead, G. et al. (1999) Phosphorylation-dependent interactions between enzymes of plant metabolism and 14-3-3 proteins. Plant Journal, 18(1), pp. 1-12. (doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313X.1999.00417.x)

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Far-Western overlays of soluble extracts of cauliflower revealed many proteins that bound to digoxygenin (DIG)-labelled 14-3-3 proteins. Binding to DIG-14-3-3s was prevented by prior dephosphorylation of the extract proteins or by competition with 14-3-3-binding phosphopeptides, indicating that the 14-3-3 proteins bind to phosphorylated sites. The proteins that bound to the DIG-14-3-3s were also immunoprecipitated from extracts with anti-14-3-3 antibodies, demonstrating that they were bound to endogenous plant 14-3-3 proteins. 14-3-3-binding proteins were purified from cauliflower extracts, in sufficient quantity for amino acid sequence analysis, by affinity chromatography on immobilised 14-3-3 proteins and specific elution with a 14-3-3-binding phosphopeptide. Purified 14-3-3-binding proteins included sucrose–phosphate synthase, trehalose-6-phosphate synthase, glutamine synthetases, a protein (LIM17) that has been implicated in early floral development, an approximately 20 kDa protein whose mRNA is induced by NaCl, and a calcium-dependent protein kinase that was capable of phosphorylating and rendering nitrate reductase (NR) sensitive to inhibition by 14-3-3 proteins. In contrast to the phosphorylated NR-14-3-3 complex which is activated by dissociation with 14-3-3-binding phosphopeptides, the total sugar–phosphate synthase activity in plant extracts was inhibited by up to 40% by a 14-3-3-binding phosphopeptide and the phosphopeptide-inhibited activity was reactivated by adding excess 14-3-3 proteins. Thus, 14-3-3 proteins are implicated in regulating several aspects of primary N and C metabolism. The procedures described here will be valuable for determining how the phosphorylation and 14-3-3-binding status of defined target proteins change in response to extracellular stimuli.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Meek, Dr Sarah
Authors: Moorhead, G., Douglas, P., Cotelle, V., Harthill, J., Morrice, N., Meek, S., Deiting, U., Stitt, M., Scarabel, M., Aitken, A., and MacKintosh, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Plant Journal
Publisher:Blackwell Science Ltd

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